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What is Beer?

What is beer

The alcoholic beverage known as beer is enjoyed by billions of people around the world. It’s refreshing, easy to drink and can be consumed in moderate quantities. Beer is made from water, malt (kiln-dried germinated barley, wheat or oats), hops and yeast. These four ingredients create a wide variety of flavors and styles of beer.

In the brewing process, a combination of water and hops is heated and cooled to release floral, bittering and aromatic flavours. It is then mixed with malted cereal grains and strained to allow the yeast to get stuck into the sugars, turning them into alcohol. The resulting fermentation is what gives beer its signature fizz and unique flavour.

Depending on the type of beer, other ingredients can be added. These include grain adjuncts such as wheat, rice or oats which add flavour and texture. It is also common to add spices and fruit during or after the brewing process to give beer a range of different flavours. Some beers are aged in casks or bottles to develop flavour and a light natural carbonation. This is known as real ale.

The brewing of beer is an ancient practice that has evolved into a huge industry. Modern breweries use stainless steel equipment, computerised controls and automated operations to produce beers on a mass scale. However, the basic process remains the same. The water, malt and hops remain the same, but the yeast type used to ferment is what gives beer its individuality.

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