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What is Beer?

What is beer

When you’re sipping a glass of beer, it’s easy to forget that there was a long road from the first brews to your favorite bottle. But there are some key things to remember about what is beer – it’s actually one of the most ancient beverages known to humankind and is still made today with the same basic ingredients.

At its simplest, beer is brewed with four simple ingredients: water, hops, malt and yeast. The brewing process heats and cools the water, releasing floral, aromatic and bitter flavors alongside the malted barley that will be transformed into sugar by yeast. The sugar is then fermented by yeast into alcohol and develops unique beer-specific flavors.

The fermentation of alcoholic beverages has been around for millennia, with the earliest evidence found in tablets from the Ebla excavations in Syria dating back to 2,500 BC. In the early days of brewing, monks were some of the most active organizations involved in the production of beer, and brewing technology advanced dramatically during the Middle Ages.

With a wide variety of styles, there are beers to suit any taste and occasion. From the mouth-puckering sourness of sour beers to the nutty sweetness of dark beers like porters and stouts, there are also ales (top fermented at warmer temperatures) and lagers (bottom fermented at cooler temps). The variety is incredible and the ability for breweries big and small to experiment with recipes means that there is always something new on the shelf.

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