What is Beer?
What is beer?
Beer is a beloved beverage made from a delicious blend of malted grains (barley), hops and special yeasts that produce carbon dioxide and alcohol. The combination of these ingredients creates a sweet, fruity, delicately bitter drink that is both refreshing and satisfying.
The 4 basic ingredients of beer are: water, grain malts such as barley, wheat and oats, hops and yeast. Different ratios of these components will produce varying styles and flavors of beer.
Water is the key ingredient in beer – it is what makes it possible to dilute the grains and hops, and also provides the necessary minerals that give the beer its flavor. Generally, beer makers will use filtered water to get the best results.
Grains are the other two essential ingredients in beer, bringing flavor and sugars to the brewing process. The most common grains used in brewing are barley, wheat and oats.
Yeast is the third ingredient in beer – it is what helps turn sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide, transforming a simple starch into a deliciously refreshing drink. The strain of yeast used to brew the beer will influence its flavor and aroma.
There are many different types of yeast, from the sour and bitter brews that we think of as ales to the crisp and light lagers that are popular in Germany and other parts of the world. Most of these yeasts prefer a warm environment and produce complex flavours, such as fruit, spice or earth.